Tom Bearden writes: RE: Dan Solomon's Paper "Some new results concerning the vacuum in Dirac's hole theory"

Hi
Vlad,

Thanks for sending me
the paper; I believe it is quite important!

Dan Solomon has done an
admirable job of showing that an EM
field applied to a small region of space (the vacuum) can in fact extract usable
EM energy from that vacuum area.

As an example, this has
often been done (but not fundamentally understood) by many experimenters when
evoking the Lenz law effect. When – for example – a strong __gradient____ __*in an EM potential* (which constitutes
a strong energy-density gradient in thee vacuum energy of that region) is applied to that small region of space, it suddenly adds
differential EM field energy to the “electrons in the filled holes” in
that space. This sudden gradient
produces real EM forces on the occupying electrons in the Dirac holes, and lifts
some of them right out of their holes and into one’s circuit. One thus gets a
surge of real extra electrons evoked from the active Dirac vacuum (space itself)
from that gradient region. This part
of the Lenz law effect is well-known.

What has always been __unaccounted__ in the Lenz law effect is
that the remaining empty holes are
__negative mass-energy electrons__, and hence
– as source charges – they produce negative energy photons and thus negative energy EM fields. Having negative mass-energy, these holes also exhibit
negative inertia and so they move in
opposite directions from the out-lifted “real positive mass-energy electrons”
with their positive mass-energy inertia.

These
negative mass-energy currents (true
hole currents) and their negative
energy EM fields also are repelled gravitationally by normal positive mass energy entities and
positive energy EM fields, since such “opposite energy” fields and “opposite
energy” mass-energies mutually repel one another. So using such holes and
negative energy fields produced
widely in nature in sharp gradient
processes in suns, planets, etc., one can account for the outside antigravity
forces that produce (1) the
acceleration of the expansion of the
universe, and (2) the mysterious “drag” forces experienced by our Pioneer
spacecraft and others. Also, one can account for the strange “lifting” and
mass-changing effects that
experimenters such as Hutchison gets in his experiments. One can also account
for the startling and controllable antigravity force that Sweet was able to produce in his VTA unit, by
pushing it to greater
COP.

So Solomon’s applied
field in space has produced a usable and free “surge” of __positive mass-energy electron__ current,
and also – in the other direction – a usable “surge” of __negative
mass-energy electron__ current. There is a concomitant surge in
both directions of the opposing (negative energy versus positive energy) EM fields also.
From those effects, practical antigravity and many materials effects can probably be generated eventually as younger experimenters find out
about it and learn how to interpret and also use both kinds of currents and both
kinds of energy.

The addition of excess
real usable electron energy and positive EM potential energy to one’s circuit is
a *negative entropy* operation. It is already known that this sudden surge opposes the
dissipative change that is trying to occur. So, we should expect such a
circuit to be able to violate the
hoary old second law of thermodynamics. And so it
is.

If one moves from the
very old “near equilibrium” thermodynamics usually taught to sophomore
engineering students, and goes to the much more modern and comprehensive
__far-from-equilibrium
dissipative__ systems,
one finds that such systems can and
do readily violate the second law.
This is already well known to our leading non-equilibrium thermodynamicists.
E.g., see Dilip Kondepudi and Ilya Prigogine, __Modern Thermodynamics: From
Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures__, Wiley, New York, 1998, reprinted
with corrections 1999. Some of the areas known to violate the old second law are given on p. 459. One area
is strong gradients (as used in the MEG, e.g. and in many other pulsed
COP>1.0 processes by various inventors) and another is memory of
materials (as used in the MEG in the
nanocrystalline core materials and
layered crystalline structures to invoke the Aharonov-Bohm effect, which
conditions and excites the local vacuum). Note that Prigogine’s strong gradient is one of the
mechanisms proven and accepted to allow violation of the second law. We strongly emphasize
that these __known, recognized far-from-equilibrium
mechanisms__ can be deliberately used by the inventor to allow macroscopic and
significant violations of the Second
Law. By producing negative entropy,
the excess energy is directly usable in real systems and circuits. It can
produce real EM energy in them, and that is what
Solomon has shown.

If still concerned with
the old second “half-law” of near-equilibrium thermodynamics, please see my
formal but simple correction of that
law in “Leyton’s Hierarchies Of Symmetry: Solution to the Major Asymmetry
Problem of Thermodynamics” (click link). This paper also discusses the necessary change from the very old 1872 Klein
geometry to the much more modern Leyton geometry, which is necessary for
explanation of the source charge’s
continuous emission of real observable EM energy without any observable energy
input.

Even Maxwell – who was
also a thermodynamicist of some note – understood that the small elementary pieces of our macroscopic
systems are continually violating the
hoary old second law. Quoting Maxwell:

*"The
truth of the second law is … a statistical, not a mathematical, truth, for it depends on the fact
that the bodies we deal with consist
of millions of molecules… Hence the second law of thermodynamics is continually
being violated, and that to a considerable extent, in any sufficiently
small group of molecules belonging to a real body."* [J. C. Maxwell,
“Tait's Thermodynamics II,” __Nature__ **17,** 278–280 (7 February
1878)].

Note also
that EM systems producing and using
such second law violations are
__asymmetric__ Maxwellian
systems a priori. Such systems were arbitrarily discarded by Lorentz in 1892 by
his symmetrizing the Heaviside equations just to get simpler equations! And Lorentz symmetrization – with its total and arbitrary discard of all
asymmetrical Maxwellian systems – is still taught by all electrical engineering
departments, professors, and textbooks. Electrical engineers are thus never
taught to deliberately design,
produce, and deploy those asymmetrical energy-from-the-vacuum systems!

__Nature__ did not and does not
discard those asymmetric Maxwellian systems: Instead, Lorentz discarded them
arbitrarily, and all our university EE departments, professors, and textbooks
continue to arbitrarily discard them to this day.

In summary: Our
universities and professors long ago __arbitrarily and unwittingly discarded all permissible
EM energy-from-the vacuum Maxwellian systems__. And they still
arbitrarily and unknowingly discard them. Obviously, this iron dogma should be
corrected, but presently the leadership of the scientific community is not going
to allow it changed. The great
cartels in areas such as energy, medicine, and international finances will absolutely not permit its
change without doing everything possible to stop
it.

So the only hope of
finally changing this hoary old 1880s and 1890s flawed theory lies with the
oncoming younger scientists and engineers such as Solomon and others like him.
As Planck pointed out:

*"An
important scientific innovation
rarely makes its way by gradually winning over and converting its opponents: it
rarely happens that Saul becomes
Paul. What does happen is
that its opponents gradually die out,
and that the growing
generation is familiarized with the
ideas from the beginning."* [Max
Planck, as quoted in G. Holton, __Thematic Origins of Scientific Thought__, Harvard
University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1973.]

For a rigorous proof in
higher group symmetry O(3) electrodynamics that violating the Lorentz symmetry condition does indeed
produce usable EM energy currents in the vacuum, see M. W. Evans et al.,
“Classical Electrodynamics without the Lorentz Condition: Extracting Energy from
the Vacuum,” __Physica Scripta__, Vol. 61, 2000, p.
513-517.

A surge of
negative mass-energy electrons
strongly appears to be a surge of the “dark matter” so avidly being sought by the modern
astrophysicists. The emission of negative energy EM fields by these negative mass-energy “source charges” also appears to be
the “dark energy” they also seek so avidly.

If so, then both dark
matter and dark energy can be made in
the laboratory by strong gradients
(sharp fields) applied impulsively to short regions of spacetime in our
circuits. One can evoke the dark energy and dark matter in real circuits, and thereby one can produce
dark matter and dark energy in the
laboratory. And, with some effort and
some particle physics instrumentations, one can perhaps finally begin to understand
their strange characteristics and odd behavior.

So the work of Solomon
and others, struggling to show that
real usable EM energy can indeed be extracted from the pulsed Dirac sea vacuum,
actually has profound implications
for the understanding of our universe and some of its most fundamental
characteristics. It also has profound implications for developing energy-from-the-vacuum systems
to solve the rapidly escalating world
__energy-from-fuel__ crisis.
There is no real “energy” crisis per se; but there is a real and increasing fuel
crisis. Obviously, to permanently solve the problem, one needs to move from the
__energy from fuel__ approach
to the __energy from the active
vacuum__ approach.

And
stimulating papers such as this one
by Solomon are helping to do just that.

Best
wishes,

Tom
Bearden