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    EEMF Research
    Posted on Wednesday, November 14, 2001 @ 23:06:00 GMT by vlad

    Manufacturers This information comes from Hal Fox, president of the Emerging Energy Marketing Firm, Inc. (EEMF) which has aquired all the High-Density Charge Cluster (HDCC) patents issued so far.


    USING VALVE METALS AS ELECTRODES

    High-density electron charge clusters (HDCC) can be produced by
    using the so-called valve metals [1]. These metals, when used as
    electrodes in aqueous solutions create a highly-resistive oxide
    layer. Properly used, the oxide layer provides for a thin layer
    wherein the voltage gradient is very high. The end result, with
    sufficient voltage applied, is the creation of HDCC. However,
    the clusters often destroy a small spot of the oxide layer.
    Therefore, a form of alternating current is used so that the
    oxide layer is re-established on the positive cycle of the
    applied alternating current.



    The valve metals that we have used in our experiments are
    aluminum and zirconium. Some experiments can be done using 110
    or 220 volts input to a Variac and the output of the Variac
    attached to the electrodes. To obtain charge clusters the
    voltage across a pair of electrodes has to be a minimum of about
    40 volts. Higher voltages can provide more intense charge
    cluster activity. Specially designed power supplies provide a
    better operation.

    The power supply needs to have sufficient size so that the
    current being drive through the solution creates a sufficient
    voltage drop across the oxide layer to initiate the HDCC
    production. Otherwise, one is just heating up the solution and
    would not expect to obtain any special results.

    The surface area of the electrodes within the solution is a
    strong function of HDCC production. The larger the surface area,
    the more current that is required to provide a sufficiently high
    voltage gradient across the oxide layer to produce the charge
    clusters. The conductivity of the solution is also an important
    parameter. We have performed experiments ranging from a dilute
    solution of thorium to saturated salt solutions. It is more
    difficult to create HDCC in saturated salt solutions.

    Several patents have issued on various applications of HDCC
    technology [2]. All HDCC patents that have issued have been
    assigned to Emerging Energy Marketing Firm, Inc. (EEMF).
    Licensing standards for this new technology is being developed.
    For further information you may contact Hal Fox, Pres. EEMF.
    email address: halfox@qwest.net

    References:

    [1] Atul Bhadkamkar & Hal Fox, "Electron Charge Cluster Sparking
    in Aqueous Solutions", J. of New Energy, Winter 1997, vol 1, no
    4, pp 62-67, 2 figs 28 refs.

    [2] The following U.S. Patents are involved in HDCC: 5,018,180
    (1991) - 5,054,046 (1991) - 5,054,047 (1991) - 5,123,039 (1992)
    and 5,148,461 (1992). Other patents are pending.


     
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    "EEMF Research" | Login/Create an Account | 2 comments | Search Discussion
    The comments are owned by the poster. We aren't responsible for their content.

    No Comments Allowed for Anonymous, please register

    Re: EEMF Research (Score: 0)
    by Anonymous on Sunday, March 23, 2003 @ 01:07:58 GMT
    How does the atomic weight of the metal come into play in the HDCC production?

    What I mean is, has the experiment been performed with such parameters in mind - where the electrode metal used is gold, a super thin layer of high-resistivity plastic can be plated over the gold (sounds dumb, but is possible) and then a heavy solution such as mercury surrounding the layer.

    The heavier elements might serve to boost the zero-point energy invovlement in the production by shielding similar to the Casimir effect. Maybe you've tried this, and it works to impede the production.

    What about the frequency rates of alternating current, it must be dependent on the thickness of the insulating film. Have you checked that?

    -Erich



     

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