WGUGLINSKI writes: See the first figure in the link that describes Arrington’s experiment:
That figure shows the beryllium nucleus, with a nucleon which distance to the central 2He4 is 7fm.
From experiments, it’s known that beryllium 4Be8 has null electric quadrupole moment, Q(b)=0.
from current Nuclear Physics it’s impossible to explain how the
structure detected by Arrington’s experiment may have Q(b) = 0.
Let’s see why.
spherical distribution of electric charge has Q(b)=0. But looking at
the beryllium’s structure detected in Arrington’s experiment we realize
that, from the nuclear models of Nuclear Physics, that structure cannot
have Q(b)=0, because that distribution of charge in 4Be8 is not
spherical, since there are three positive charges aligned along a
straigth line, and therefore such structure of 4Be8 could not have
Let’see how to explain why 4Be8 has Q(b)=0 by considering the hexagonal floors model of Quantum Ring Theory.
The structure of 8O16 is shown in the page 144 of the book QRT, shown in the link:
The nucleus 8O16 has Q(b)=0 , and its nuclear magnetic moment is also null.
the hexagonal floor formed by six nucleons 1H2 around the central 2He4
in the 8O16 was flat, it could not have Q(b)=0, because its charge
distribution would not be spherical.
But look at in the link 2 the
detail of page 144 showing the Fig. 1.2, where we see what happens with
the nucleons 1H2 of the hexagonal floor of 8O16:
a) the nucleons 1H2 have oscillation
in the SIDE-VIEW of that figure we see that they oscillate about the
x-y plane (which is orthogonal to the z-axis, about which the nucleus
gyrates, performing its nuclear spin).
c) so, due to the oscillation of the six deuterons 1H2, the z-axis is changing continously its direction, chaotically.
the nucleus 8O16 has null nuclear magnetic moment, there is no way to
get its alligment along a direction, by applying a strong external
magnetic field. So, even within a strong external magnetic field to be
used in experiments, the z-axis of the nucleus 8O16 continues always
changing its direction.
Therefore, in average, the nucleus 8O16
behaves as if should have a spherical distribution of charge. In another
words: when the researchers measure the electric quadrupole of 8O16 in
their experiments, they get Q(b) = 0 because in average its distribution
of charge behaves as a spherical distribution.
This is explained
in the book Quantum Ring Theory, in the chapter “Electric Quadrupole
Moment”, at the page 136, where it is also shown why the isotope 8O18
has an anomaly that cannot be explained from the models of Nuclear
The same happens with the nucleus 4Be8. It has null
nuclear magnetic moment. It’s easy to realize why, by looking at the
structure of 4Be8 shown in the page 230 of QRT (see the link 2),
a) the central 2He4 has null nuclear magnetic moment
b) the two deuterons 1H2 gyrate about the z-axis, and each magnetic moment of them cancell one each other.
c) the two deuterons 1H2 also have oscillation, due to repulsion with the central 2He4.
when the researchers measure the electric quadrupole moment of 4Be8 by
experiments, they get Q(b) =0, because the z-axis changes its direction
everytime, (since they cannot align the nucleus 4Be8 by applying a
strong external magnetic field) and so in average its distribution of
charge takes the spherical shape.
As we realize, John Arrington’s experiment contradicts the models of Nuclear Physics in many aspects.
Finally, we have to consider the following:
In general, the quantum theorists reject to consider a New Physics for
explaining cold fusion because they want to keep their current
2- However, we realize that, even if we do not
consider the cold fusion experiments, there is no way to keep the
current Physics, because there are many other experiments which result
are requiring a New Physics, and the Arrington’s experiment is one among them.
Therefore, as there is no way to avoid to start to take in
consideration a New Physics, it makes no sense such their attempt of
trying to keep the current Physics for explaining cold fusion. It is not cold fusion, itself, which requires a New Physics. It is, in general, several new experiments which are requiring it.