See the the first figure in the link that describes Arrington’s experiment:
That figure shows the beryllium nucleus, with a nucleon which distance to the central 2He4 is 7fm. In the link they say about the beryllium nucleus:
“The surprise came with the beryllium. Unlike the other nuclei, it has two clusters of nucleons, each resembling a nucleus of an atom of helium-4.”
According to Quantum Ring Theory, all the nuclei with Z>2 have a structure with radius in order of 7fm.
Then why does Arrington says “unlike the other atoms”?
Why beryllium is an exception ?
Let’s see why.
According to QRT, the hexagonal floor begins with the isotopes
of 3Li. In the link ahead we see the structure of 3Li6, shown in the
page 230 of the book QRT:
3Li6 has a nuclear spin about the z-axis (vertically upward in the page
230). As the 3Li6 has an unpaired deuteron, it has a strong
Then in Arrington’s experiment, due to such big
vibration, the unpaired deuteron appears as a clould about the central
2He4 (the same happens with all the 3Li isotopes).
The next nucleus is the 4Be8.
Look at its structure in the page 230, shown beside the 3Li6.
two nucleons 1H2 occupy two positins diametrally opposed regarding to
the central 2He4, and so the three nucleons form a straight length 14fm.
at the structure of 4Be8, we realize that it has no trepidation,
because the masses of the two nucleons 1H2 are distributed symmetrically
about the central 2He4 (that’swhy the 4Be8 has null electric quadrupole
Therefore, when the two deuterons gyrate about the z-axis
(because of the nuclear spin about the z-axis which crosses the central
2He4), they appears in the Arrington’s experiment as a straight line
very well defined, 14fm long.
The next nucleus is the 5B. It
has one unpaired deuteron, and so it has a big trepidation. Due tothe
nuclear spin, its image in the experiment appears as a cloud about the
The next nucleus is 6C. In the detail of page
231 we see the structure of 6C12. Its structre forms a cube with
diagonal of about 14fm around the central 2He4. So, in spite the 6C12
has no trepidation, however due to the nuclear spin the four deuterons
1H2 appears in the images of the experiment as a cloud about the central
The next nucleus is the 7N. As it has one unpaired deuteron, its image shows in the experiments a cloud about the central 2He4.
The next nucleus is 8O.
The structure of 8O16 is shown in page 144 of the book QRT. The page is shown in the link previously posted.
structure of 8O16 is not flat. Due to repulsion between the 6 nucleons
1H2, they oscillate about the central 2He4. This is shown in the Fig.
1.2 of the page 144.
So, in the image captured by the Arrington’s experiment, the 8O16 shows a cloud distributed about the central 2He4.
the nucleus 8O, a new hexagonal floor beggins, with the nucleus 9F. As
it has an unpaired deuteron, its image shows a cloud about the central
All the other nuclei exhibit a cloud about the central 2He4.
That’s why Arrington’s experiments showed the beryllium as a surprise. Only its image shows a straight line of length 14fm.
That’s why beryllium is an exception.