Femtometer Buckytubes and Balls
Date: Saturday, June 05, 2004 @ 17:46:48 GMT Topic: Science
"We explore the possibility that novel geometrical structures analogous to carbon Fullerenes may exist in Nature on the femtometer scale. QCD predicts the existence of special topological gluon field configurations called baryon junctions and antijunctions. Here we show that femtoscale structures, networks or closed (gluon field) cages, can be constructed in the theory of QCD as tiny cousins of familiar nanoscale structures such as carbonic Fullerenes C_{60}, C_{70}.
The most symmetric polyhedra of QCD junctions (Jballs) are characterized by the magic numbers 8, 24, 48, and 120, and zero net baryon number. Tubes, prisms, tori and other topological structures can also be created. In addition, special configurations can be constructed that are odd under charge and parity conjugation (CP), although the QCD Lagrangian is CP even. We provide a semiclassical estimate for the expected mass range of QCD Buckyballs and discuss the possible conditions under which such novel topological excitations of the QCD vacuum may be produced in experiments of high energy physics."
This is very fascinating and it may have hidden potential in zeropoint energy/quantum manipulation research.
See: arxiv.org

