Extraction of Zero-Point Energy from the Vacuum: Assessment of Stochastic Electrodynamics-Based Approach as Compared to Other Methods (Published: 23 May 2019) by Garret Moddel [OrcID] and Olga Dmitriyeva
Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0425, USA
Abstract: In research articles and patents several methods have been proposed for the extraction of zero-point energy from the vacuum. None of the proposals have been reliably demonstrated, yet they remain largely unchallenged. In this paper the underlying thermodynamics principles of equilibrium, detailed balance, and conservation laws are presented for zero-point energy extraction.
The proposed methods are separated into three classes: nonlinear
processing of the zero-point field, mechanical extraction using Casimir
cavities, and the pumping of atoms through Casimir cavities.
The first two approaches are shown to violate thermodynamics principles,
and therefore appear not to be feasible, no matter how innovative their
execution. The third approach, based upon stochastic electrodynamics,
does not appear to violate these principles, but may face other
obstacles. Initial experimental results are tantalizing but, given the
lower than expected power output, inconclusive.
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