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    Re: Giant Aluminium batteries are for real (Score: 1)
    by Technophile on Thursday, March 24, 2005 @ 08:13:48 MST
    (User Info | Send a Message)
    Thanks for this summary ElectroDynaCat. This does indeed sound like what they have come up with. Note the section on aluminum manufacture in the background section. They say this technology will reduce energy consumption in aluminum production as well. To me that means they must have some process similar to what you have outlined. Pretty exciting if it pans out.


    | Parent

    Re: Giant Aluminium batteries are for real (Score: 1)
    by aironoeus on Wednesday, April 27, 2005 @ 17:18:02 MST
    (User Info | Send a Message)
    Description of WO9714824


    ELECTROCATALYSER SOLUTION
    The present invention relates to an electrocatalyser solution for use
    in physical and/or organic electrochemistry, whose applications
    producing and/or consuming electric energy include e.g. new fusion
    energy and/or the generation and/or storage and/or use and/or liquid
    crystal use of galvanic electric current.

    Prior-art electrochemical solutions and their solution technique are
    represented e.g. by electrolytes and patent classes B 01J 031/00 and
    C 25B 001/02 - 001/04 etc.

    Prior-art electrolytes and solution technique are represented e.g. by
    potash water electrolyte which is in ground state and is a 1:1
    electrolyte, which has dissociated into ionic state, a drawback of
    which is said ground state, by reason of which the activation of
    solution reactions requires a high electric voltage, which is due to
    high polarisation overvoltages, a consequence of which is that the
    solution has a low conductance and the reactions are slow.

    As compared with the prior-art solution and the solution technique
    involved, the object of the invention is to achieve a solution which
    eliminates the drawbacks described above and is based on improved
    solution technique.

    A special advantage achieved by the invention and the solution
    technique of the invention is that the solution reactions take place
    with a di/de polarisation undervoltage, which catalyses the reaction
    of water ("electrolysis") and its inverse reaction as well as other
    reactions in which the solution is used, resulting in a higher
    reaction speed and a better conductance.

    In order to achieve the effect described above, the invention is
    mainly characterized by the facts presented in claim 1.

    In the following, the invention is described in detail.

    The electrocatalyser solution of the invention represents a new and
    original solution and solution technique in electrochemistry. It is
    characterized by the working substances and solution technique
    presented in the following example. In the example, in which the
    structural hydrogen in the solution compounds is protonium hydrogen,
    deuterium and tritium hydrogen is used when more slowness is desired
    and/or for hydrogenation, especially for fusion reaction applications.

    Example 1. An electrocatalyser solution, which has been prepared as
    follows and 25% ammonia-water solution has been used, the amount of
    which is 68 g, which is mixed with water and 208 g of aluminium
    hydroxides and the required quantity of water is used to obtain a
    total volume of 1 dm3, the substances used form an ammonia hydroxide -
    aluminium trihydroxide - hydrate water solution, the solution is
    balanced and the above-mentioned molecule group/groups have catalyser
    properties when exposed to an electric voltage, the properties also
    extend to the electrodes used, so these function at a di/de
    polarisation undervoltage, which is a result of the solution
    technique, the molecule group is bidirectional, in the direction of
    the electric field.

    In this application, part of the solution technique is the fact that
    the solution is not in ground state and that the relationship between
    solution substances in moles is as follows, NH3 1: 2.67Al (OH)3 ,
    which is the basis for the unique catalytic effect of the substances
    occurring in water solution, the relationship between the substances
    can also be different, but still the so lution must not be in ground
    state. Part of the solution technique is also the fact that water and
    water reactions are used as means for energy transfer, as yield
    and/or working substances, the solution reactions consume and/or
    produce water, depending on the practical application and on whether
    a water, oxide, hydroxide or hydrogen reaction is used, catalysed
    reactions are in all applications H+ and/orOW reactions.

    The catalysers which produce catalysis reactions when exposed to a
    voltage are presented below in an outspread form, for the sake of
    clarity and multi-function orientation, there are no requirements as
    to the direction of the electric field, the solution can function in
    all directions.
    EMI3.1




    + A1(OH)3 + 3 H20
    or .H20 + NH3 + H + OW
    + Al (OH)3 + 3 H20 +
    .H20 or
    - eo ve Al (OH)3 +
    3 H20 +
    catalysers are not subject to wear or change, the balance is
    always the same before and after reactions, the solution exposed to
    voltage can be divided into anions and/or cations, all possible forms
    of molecules can participate in the reactions and be temporarily
    changed, being then restored, different forms are ammonia, ammonia
    hydroxide, aluminium hydroxide, hydrates, aluminates, aluminium ion,
    hydroxide ion and water ammonia dimer.

    The below water reaction and its inverse version are special
    reactions of the invention and the catalytic properties of the
    solution substances is tested using the best and most reliable
    method, hydrogen electrode and electrolysis reaction of water, 2 H20
    + 2 e--, 2 OH- + H2 the known value of the reaction is -08277 V with
    a potash water electrolyte the value is over -0.828 V in practical
    applications -0.95 ... -1.20 V.

    Below is an application of a functional test of example 1,solution,
    Pt(plat) I H2(1 atm.) I example 1,solution I Pt(plat) in this test a
    sufficiently high voltage guaranteed to ensure a good result has been
    used, which is -0.726 V the theoretic limit value for the reaction
    and catalysis is -0626 V. catalysed results concerned are all results
    that are below -0.8277 V.

    When the invention is compared with the prior-art potash water
    electrolyte, it can be state that the invention eliminates all the
    known drawbacks. As for the things that are outside the sphere of the
    invention, such as electrodes, it can be stated that there are no
    known electrodes that are not applicable for use with a solution as
    provided by the invention, only the purpose of use may form an
    obstacle, examples of electrodes that work particularly well are
    aluminium and copper electrodes, it is also possible to use
    oxide/hydroxide/liquid crystal reactant water solutions together with
    the solution.

    Investigations have not revealed any bar of novelty or inventive
    level, and the solution can be industrially exploited and has special
    properties for many purposes.

    It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the solution
    substances and solution technique are an invention which is not
    restricted to the example and its functionality test, but it can be
    widely used and applied for various purposes within the scope of the
    claims.


    | Parent

     

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